The traveler’s diarrhea, also known as “Montezuma’s Revenge”, is a very common disorder that can occur during or shortly after a trip to a country with poor sanitary conditions such as Africa, South America, some parts of the Middle East and most part of Asia.
It is caused by the ingestion of food and beverages contaminated with bacteria: Escherichia coli, Campylobacter, Shigella, Salmonella are the most frequently agents involved in other cases the causative agents are viruses or parasites. Even the hot and humid climate and the change in eating habits can cause this disorder.
The key recommendations are:
• Drink purified water or, if bottled, with carbon dioxide
• Eat well-cooked and served very hot (freshly prepared)
• Eat fruits with thick skin, pared himself and avoiding ready-made salads
• Avoid raw and undercooked foods (vegetables, eggs, meat, fish and seafood)
• Never use ice
• Consume milk and milk products only if they are sure that they have been pasteurized
• Avoid as much as possible the food sold in stalls along the roads
• Do not dry before drinking the outside of the refrigerate cans made in the ice or water
• Use purified water for brushing your teeth and taking medicines
The assumption of probiotic, a few days before departure and during their stay, facilitates the colonization of harmless microorganisms able to compete with pathogenic microorganisms, stimulating the immune system.