• in Vitamins and minerals

    EFSA: positive opinion on folic acid to prevent neural tube defects

    October 2014 The EFSA (European Food Safety Authority) approves the health claim that recognizes a link of cause and effect between the intake of folic acid and reduced risk of developing neural tube defects in the fetus, associated with spina bifida or anencephaly. According to the reg. (EU) 1335/2014, ”The supplementary intake of folic acid...
  • in Curiosity, Did you know?

    LARN 2014: a point of reference for nutritionists

    During the two days of discussion of the Italian Society of Human Nutrition (SINU) entitled “Nutrition: perimeters and horizons”, held in Rome on 20 and 21 October, was presented the IV Revision of LARN (Intake Levels of Reference of Nutrients and energy) which is proposed as a tool for research and planning nutrition. A review...
  • in Intestine and surroundings

    Confirmed the efficacy of Saccharomyces boulardii

    In April 2014, the working group of ESPGHAN (European Society of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition Pediatric) published a Position Paper in which it is strongly recommended the use of Saccharomyces boulardii in the treatment of acute gastroenteritis in children on the basis numerous scientific evidence of recent years1. The previous ESPGHA...
  • in Mom and Baby

    Nutritional needs of preterm infants: zinc and vitamins

    Preterm infants have lower reserves of zinc compared to term infants because about 60% of the zinc is absorbed by fetus during the third trimester of pregnancy; furthermore, they also have a lower capacity to absorb and retain zinc necessary for the growth 1,2,3. Zinc is an essential element in the organic metabolism, cell growth...
  • in Intestine and surroundings

    Saccharomyces boulardii, the probiotic of choice

    Saccharomyces boulardii is a yeast that resists well in acid habitat and to antibiotics, remaining intact and viable throughout the gastrointestinal tract, during which interacts with the microflora and the intestinal mucosa. Saccharomyces boulardii protects against enteric pathogens, it modulates the immune response, it reduces inflammation and fl...
  • in Intestine and surroundings

    Traveler’s diarrhea

    The traveler’s diarrhea, also known as “Montezuma’s Revenge”, is a very common disorder that can occur during or shortly after a trip to a country with poor sanitary conditions such as Africa, South America, some parts of the Middle East and most part of Asia. It is caused by the ingestion of food and beverages...
  • in Intestine and surroundings

    What is the difference between probiotics and prebiotics?

    Probiotics and the term literally means “for life” are ”living micro-organisms” that improve the microbial balance of the host and have beneficial effects on health” (Gut 1991, 32:439-442). Once defined generically”” lactic acid bacteria, probiotics play an important role on the health, of those who take th...
  • in Mom and Baby

    Folic acid in pregnancy

    Folic acid (vitamin B9) is not produced by the body but must be consumed through the diet. The daily under normal conditions is about 200 micrograms (mcg). This vitamin is present in some food such as green leafy vegetables, oranges, lemons, kiwi, strawberries, legumes, cereals, liver; However, the processes of cooking and food preparation can...
  • in Intestine and surroundings

    What effect do antibiotics have on intestinal flora?

    During the winter season the use of antibiotics is intensified which, in case of bacterial infections, they act on different pathogens responsible for the disease, counteracting the negative action. However, if on the one hand exert their action against bacteria responsible for the infection, other organisms also attack the “good” that ...
  • in Mom and Baby

    The correct nutrition in pregnancy

    The Ministry of Health states that ‘’The quality of maternal nutrition during pregnancy is one of the factors that can significantly influence the health of the mother and the unborn child, not only during the fetal and neonatal period, but also during the adult life and elderly. It is wise to pay attention to nutrition...
  • in Intestine and surroundings

    Wellness & bowel disorders

    The gastrointestinal tract is populated by a complex ecosystem of microorganisms, commonly referred to as “intestinal flora”. Intestinal flora begins to develop from the early days of life, when the bacteria reach the maximum concentration after about two years to reach a settlement more stable that lasts for a lifetime. The bacterial f...
  • in World of Athlets

    The right supplementation for athletes

    It is known that physical activity leads to an increase in energy expenditure accompanied by increased sweat production through which our body dissipates the heat that develops during muscle contraction. In fact, the losses of liquid should be replenished adequately especially in case of prolonged effort and in the summer periods characterized by h...
  • in Vitamins and minerals

    Vitamin D: how importanti is it?

    The interest in vitamin D and its functions has increased greatly in recent years; today many evidences justifies the importance of taking the appropriate amounts of this vitamin for bone health, in all stages of life 1: • during fetal development for the correct growth of the tissues; • from the early days of the...
  • in Vitamins and minerals

    Zinc as a nutraceutical

    A very recent study has demonstrated for the first time that a diet low in zinc can make the intestines more sensitive to inflammation1. The study published in the Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry showed that even a modest deficiency of this micronutrient makes the intestine more fragile against inflammation, while supplementation improves intes...

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